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introduction Edit

The Financial Society ‘Confinanzas’ - today The Tower of David - was once the billionaire David Brillembourg's dream, who was considered one of the most successful Venezuelan bankers of the early 90s. He was the person behind the the economical landmarks of that decade: the National Brewery, the negotiating with the Union Bank, Mantex, Atlantica Industry, and also the last but unfinished The Financial Society ‘Confinanzas’. This complex was planned with six buildings in total: the Atrium (lobby and meeting rooms), the 190 meters high Tower A with helipad, Tower B, Building K, Building Z and a parking lot with 12 levels, with a total floor space of about 120 thousand square meters. Apart of being the headquarters of ’Confinanzas’; there was the plan to built also a hotel, apartments and varied businesses.


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cultural and social context Edit

Before the Evangelical cooperative (Pentecostal church Puerta del Cielo Casa de Dios) arrived, only people camping occupied the towers, there was no use and all was filled with debris; the stairs had excrement, dirt and waste. Only the poor and the homeless occupied the floors. Currently this has become a strong community based on dialogue and unity. Now more than a thousand families have found their shelters in this skyscraper. At the entrance, a large sign from the rooftops proclaims that the structure is controlled by the Housing Cooperative "Casiques of Venezuela", founded, formally registered and certified by the government in 2009. The founders of this cooperative proudly describe this complex self-organizing system that allows the families to live here. Besides the board members, there are also 16 coordinators, several clean-up crews and more than 20 employees responsible for ensuring the good operation of this vertical citadel


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materials and building techniques Edit

Original materials are mostly concrete, steal and bricks.

Squatters use materials  from paper, wood, fabrics, plastics among bricks and wood.

earth and climate Add

Ángela Bonadies & Juan José Olavarría
2013 - 2014
Time: 05:03
Tuesday 21 October 2014 at 13:40 | Comment - Like
Torre David/ Gran Horizonte
Golden Lion winners Urban-Think Tank, Iwan Baan and Justin McGuirk bring a piece of Venezuela to the Corderie dell'Arsenale, with a temporary bar emulating the spirit of the world's tallest squat. An architecture report from Venice by Fabrizia Vecchione
Torre David/Gran Horizonte - Architecture - Domus…
Golden Lion winners Urban-Think Tank, Iwan Baan and Justin McGuirk bring a piece of Venezuela to the Corderie dell'Arsenale, with a temporary bar emulating the spirit of the world's tallest squat.
Wednesday 5 September 2012 at 14:23 | Comment - Like
La torre de david
Angela Bonadies & Juan José Olavarría
"La Torre de David" y otros proyectos de investigación
Rob Breed likes this
Saturday 28 April 2012 at 00:34 | Comment - Like

Project details
Project name: Torre de David
Description: An abandoned skyscraper became home for about 3,000 squatters
Category: housing
Design: Enrique Gomez
Building status: in use
Location: Caracas, Venezuela
Coordinates: 10°30'21.2'' N, 66°53'55.9'' W
Tags: urban, community, informal settlement
Project ID: 141
Published: 25 October 2011
Last updated: 24 October 2014
(images have individual licenses)
CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
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